A Smoke Control Area (SCA) is an area – it can be a few streets or a whole town – in which it is an offence to emit smoke from a chimney of a building, furnace or boiler located in it.
The main purpose of a smoke control area is to reduce air pollution caused by the burning of fuels such as coal and wood on open fires.
The widespread burning of such fuels for domestic heating and industrial processes in the 1950s and 1960s led to smogs - these smogs caused the deaths of hundreds of people across the UK.
To deal with the air pollution which caused the smog, The Clean Air Acts of 1956 and 1968 were introduced and gave local authorities powers to create smoke control areas.
These Acts were later replaced by the Clean Air Act 1993.Back To Top
If you live in a smoke control area you cannot burn material which will cause dark smoke to be produced – this can be from any fireplace or appliance which is vented by a chimney. It is an offence and you could be fined up to £1,000.
This does not mean that you cannot have an open fire or log burning stove in your home. There are certain appliances and fuels that you can use, these are known as Exempt Appliances and Authorised Fuels.Back To Top
These are appliances – ovens, wood burners and stoves – which have passed tests to show that they can burn an unauthorised or naturally smokey solid fuel without producing smoke.
A list of exempt appliances is available on the UK Smoke Control Areas website.Back To Top
These fuels are naturally smokeless materials such as gas, electricity and anthracite as well as other specified brands of manufactured solid smokeless fuels. These fuels have passed tests to show that they can burn in an open fireplace without producing smoke.
Your local coal merchant may be able to provide details about the smokeless fuels they can provide.
A list of authorised fuels is available on the UK Smoke Control Areas website.
It is not necessary to use an authorised fuel for an exempt appliance.Back To Top
Location of Smoke Control Areas
There are 14 smoke control areas in Fife, these are located in:
- Ballingry (1 area)
- Burntisland (2 areas)
- Dalgety Bay (1 area)
- Dunfermline (3 areas)
- Glenrothes (4 areas)
- Kirkcaldy (3 areas)
You can use the map linked below to see the location and extent of the Smoke Control Areas.